How many languages has the book of mormon been translated into. It may be surprising, therefore, to learn that the. Using the 1830 bible as a guide, the first edition book of mormon was replicated to look the same so people of that time period would easily recognize it. Scholars reject smiths explanation of the origin of the book of mormon. The story behind the first foreign translation of the book of mormon.
Joseph smith said that the book of mormon was originally an ancient nativeamerican record written on golden plates, and that god gave him the power to translate it into english. The different editions of the book of mormon in spanish, or. For stylistic and other reasons, they do not really fit with verses 111, so commentators have tried to explain their presence as a sort of bridge or transition that mormon wrote to connect the record of the small plates with his abridgment from the large plates. It may be surprising to learn that the books from the small plates of nephi 1 nephi through words of mormon almost certainly came last in the translation process. Unless otherwise indicated, the translation was financed and the resulting text published by the church of jesus christ of latterday saints lds church. After repeated inquiries of the lord, joseph reluctantly agreed to let martin take the manuscript home. First published in 1829 by a penniless joseph smith jr. First publication of the smithsonian book of mormon evidence. Paul and other early apostles sometimes communicated with angels and, on. Based on our class discussion in our last class, as well as the churchs essay on first vision accounts, when were the two earliest accounts of joseph smiths first vision rediscovered by historians working in the churchs documentary collection. How does the mosiahfirst translation sequence strengthen. The young man, however, had very little formal education and was incapable of writing a book on his own, let alone translating an ancient book written from an unknown language, known in the book of mormon as reformed egyptian.
Today, the building in which the book of mormon was first published and sold is known as the book of mormon historic publication site. More about translating the book of mormon unprofessional. Jul, 2019 eventually returning to utah, meliton realized his dream of seeing the entire book of mormon published in spanish. What evidence suggests that the book of mormon is of. However, the book was pulled from shelves and discarded with few surviving copies. Afrikaans, the latest edition in the exhibit, was released in 1972. His early work on the translation, with emma smith and. The book of mormon was first published in english in new york in 1830. A more accurate statement would have credited taylor as supervisor of the translation, which was carried out by bolton, louis a. Georgian translation of the book of mormon completed and. The modern discovery, translation, and editions of the. Book of mormon written in modernday english grace for grace.
A documentary history of the book of mormon byu studies. Bolton were credited with the translation, which took two years, additional work was done by louis a. The first french edition of the book of mormon, published in 1852, had on its title page. Jun 14, 2018 for the first edition of the book of mormon, joseph smith jr. From that humble beginning, today the church prints over 3 million copies a year on large web presses. As of march 2015, the lds church continues to publish at least portions of the book of mormon in 110 languages.
One important framework for understanding the book is to examine its publishing history. An account written by the hand of mormon upon plates taken from the plates of nephi. The lds version of the book of mormon has been translated. Book of mormontransmission from translator to printed text. There were five early editions of the book of mormon published that are extremely significant to the lds faith, the first edition of 1830 being the most important, but also the 1837 kirtland, the. The lost 116 pages is the missing portion of the manuscript of the book of mormon. The modern discovery, translation, and editions of the book. By any standard, this 588page holy book is extraordinary. The following essay is the official lds released essay entitled book of mormon translation.
Mar 26, 2014 on this day in 1830, the book of mormon was first published at e. The church has finished and published its georgian translation of the book of mormon. Since the prophet joseph smith originally translated the sacred volume from the gold plates into english and published the first edition in 1830. In addition to the 1908 authorized version, the community of christ continues to publish its revised authorized version of the book of mormon, which was first printed in 1966. What translating harry potter reveals about the book of mormon. From what i have seen german, swedish, japanese, there is a general tendency to follow the language of the bible translation used by the church in. Joseph and emmas first child, alvin, was born but died shortly thereafter. How long did it take joseph smith to translate the book of mormon.
New joseph smith papers volume published book of mormon. Welch t he translation of the book of mormon, completed by joseph smith in june 1829, was an amazing feat. The process of translation was witnessed by several people as was. The book of mormon is published in 112 languages, and many of them are available in multiple formats online in march 1830, 5,000 copies of the book of mormon were printed in the e.
Typically, translators are members of the lds church. Book of mormon translations the encyclopedia of mormonism. In this article, i will survey the printing history of the book of mormon in the english language, focusing on the first edition of 1830 as well as on the other editions that were published before joseph smiths death in 1844. The miraculous translation of the book of mormon john w. For the first edition of the book of mormon, joseph smith jr. Over the last 178 years, seven major editions of the book of mormon have been published by the church of jesus christ of latterday saints. Book of mormontransmission from translator to printed. He moved in with the smiths in the winter of 1828 to act as scribe for joseph smith. The translation of the book of lehi is completed, resulting in 116 pages of translated text. First edition book of mormon history moons rare books.
The book of mormon is a sacred text of the latter day saint movement, which, according to adherents, contains writings of ancient prophets who lived on the american continent from approximately 2200 bc to ad 421. The first edition of the book of mormon after english was danish in 1851, followed by french, italian, welsh, and german in 1852. The 116 pages of the book of lehi were borrowed and then lost by martin harris. The book of mormon is now published in more than 80 languages, with selections available in another 25 languages. Upon completing the translation of the first 116 pages of the book of mormon, known as the book of lehi, martin harris, who had acted as scribe during this period of time, asked the prophet if he could show the manuscript to his wife lucy.
Book of abraham and related manuscripts includes, for the first time, the extant book of abraham manuscripts, the first printed edition of the book of abraham, the manuscripts of the related egyptian alphabet and grammar project, the egyptian papyri associated with the project. From what i have seen german, swedish, japanese, there is a general tendency to follow the language of the bible translation used by the church in the said country. Since then it has been translated by linguists into 72 other languages, and over 120 million copies have been distributed worldwide. Because of the buildings historical significance to. Erastus snow and peter olsen hansen worked together to produce the first danish translation of the book of mormon for the lds churchs.
The first foreign language edition of the book of mormon. While acting as joseph smiths scribe, martin harris requested to take home the portion of the manuscript that had been translated in order to persuade his wife of the authenticity of the book of mormon. Book of mormon translation in portuguese came soon after new. The book of mormon has been translated in its entirety into 97 languages. The book of mormon is a sacred text of the latter day saint movement, which adherents believe contains writings of ancient prophets who lived on the american continent from approximately 2200 bc to ad 421. When websters dictionary was published in 1828, that made six dictionaries that were in use at the time though we dont know whether oliver cowdery had access to any of them during the translation of the book of mormon. Adherents to the mormon faith have revered it, critics have questioned its authenticity and scholars have approached it from multiple disciplines, such as literature, anthropology and archeology.
Urim and thummim places the book of mormon translation on trial, presenting the latest research in one of the most comprehensive treatments of the translation process to date providing encouragement for latterday saints who fear they have been betrayed by the translation history taught by the church for over 190 years. For example, when joseph translated the text now in 1 nephi. Quiz 1 book of mormon translation flashcards quizlet. A better question since smith didnt translate anything nor do anything like unto it with his magicrockinhat is how long had smith been working on the basic story in his. Most relevant to morriss documentary history is this books lengthy narrative chapter about the coming forth of the book of mormon. It was first published in march 1830 by joseph smith as the book of mormon. The church of jesus christ of latterday saints, which has translated the full book of mormon into 90 languages selections are offered in 21 others since the work was first printed in 1830, also. First translator of the book of mormon special sections. The book of mormon has been published in its entirety in 82 languages, with selections of the book available in an additional 25 languages. It was released by the church to help explain how the book of mormon was translated, and to explain why the true story of the translation differs so greatly from the official church narrative taught since its founding. The translators of the book of mormon deseret news. When the translation was published in 1939 in brazil, there were about 200 members of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints in that country.
The book of mormon has attracted significant attention since its first printing in 1830. For example, as soon as the first edition was out, the readers could not avoid noticing many typographical, spelling, and grammatical errors. Nov 11, 2018 the church has finished and published its georgian translation of the book of mormon. This translation has been in the works for many years and is finally available for members in the two georgianspeaking branches. Book of mormon historic publication site wikipedia. The book of mormon is only technically considered to be correct in the english translation. The resulting translation was published as the book of mormon in 1830. Dec 12, 2012 as of april 2011, the book of mormon has been published in its entirety in 82 languages, with selections of the book available in an additional 25 languages. Much can be known about the coming forth of the english text of the book of mormon through a careful study of.
Bushman points out in the foreword to from darkness unto light, this volume is the first of what could be many potential histories coming out of the joseph smith papers project v, which has been a central. An account written by the hand of mormon upon plates taken from the plates of nephi, who claimed that it had been. The same goes for oliver cowderys use of the terms in his description of the translation process. And in 2000, the church achieved a milestone, bringing the total number of translations of. The ten most expensive mormon books meridian magazine. Joseph remains with emma for two weeks after the death. When the book of mormon is published in a foreign language. The book of mormon historic publication site is a historic site located in the village of palmyra, wayne county, new york, united states. After the prophet joseph smiths original translation of the book of. Mar 07, 2011 it was not intended to be a translation of the book of mormon into modern english, and it would fit that role poorly. What do the kinderhook plates reveal about joseph smiths.
How long did it take joseph smith to translate the book of. Book of mormon translation in portuguese came soon after. The joseph smith papers, revelations and translations, vol. Some latterday saints may not be aware that danish was the first foreign language into which the book of mormon was translated. To this day, the lds church does not produce a hebrew book of mormon.
As the video explains, some translators took considerable liberties in. Joseph smith consistently testified that he translated the book of mormon by the. Translation of the book of mormon mormonism, the mormon. It was agreed upon that 5,000 copies were printed by e. Some readers of the book of mormon and other students of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints have become concerned with issues that might, in their view, preclude the view that the translation of the book of mormon was given wordforword, directly by god such as the presence of language from the king james bible in the text. His critical text project of the book of mormon, launched officially in 1988, produced published transcripts of o and p 2001, a massive sixvolume analysis of textual variants of the book of mormon 20042009. Timeline of the book of mormon translation scott woodward. Opening the heavens makes use of 206 documents to tell the timing of the translation of the book of mormon and then presents relevant parts of each of those documents in a lengthy appendix. The translation of the book of mormon was finished choose the one best answer. Joseph smith translated an ancient text by the gift and power of god to produce the book of mormon. In 1851 the book of mormon was translated into danish, its first translation to a nonenglish language. Book of mormontranslationthe lost 116 pages fairmormon.
Many readers of the book of mormon naturally assume that joseph smith translated its books in the order that we find them today, that is, beginning with the title page, and then translating 1 nephi 1. Porter in may 1829, joseph smith and oliver cowdery found that a combination of circumstances had made continuing the translation of the book of mormon at harmony, pennsylvania, untenable. The committee to translate the book of mormon into georgian was first established in early 2012. Litster, administrator for established languages, church distribution and translation services since the publication of the first five thousand copies in. Most relevant to morriss documentary history is this book s lengthy narrative chapter about the coming forth of the book of mormon. The story is that part of the agreement to secure the lease for the byu jerusalem center included a stipulation that the church not produce the book of mormon in hebrew. The translation of the book of mormon into afrikaans.
The translation of the book of mormon, from dan vogel, ed. Book of mormon translation the church of jesus christ of latter. What evidence suggests that the book of mormon is of modern. Oct, 2015 the first french edition of the book of mormon, published in 1852, had on its title page. The first nonenglish translation of the book of mormon was the danish edition in 1851. Careful readers of the book of mormon have probably found verses 1218 of the words of mormon to be a bit of a puzzle. At the completion of the translation, the golden plates were returned to the angel moroni, in whose care they remain to this day. Understanding the process of publishing the book of mormon.
Feb 22, 2019 most readers of the book of mormon naturally assume that joseph smith translated its books beginning in 1 nephi 1. This article traces its modern history from josephs accounts of discovering the gold plates from which the book of mormon is said to have been translated to the most recent editions of josephs translation. Welch, the miraculous timing of the translation of the book of mormon, in opening the heavens. Grandin printed and sold the first copies of the book of mormon. The founder of mormonism, joseph smith jr, claimed that he had been visited by an angel called moroni who told him of ancient writings on golden plates which described people whom god led to the western. Feb 20, 2012 the first french edition of the book of mormon was published in 1852. The publication history of the book of mormon bruce satterfield department of religious education, brigham young university idaho this article appeared in the church news, jan. However, i will make mention of the 1879 edition by orson pratt, the 1920 edition by james e.51 1093 344 1080 1441 1308 338 457 129 1483 1068 983 269 1083 219 820 305 1127 216 1328 1150 742 322 729 254 558 943 908 1007 593 1306 1081 659 115